Violence epidemiology/injury interpretation
Epidemiological violence research is an important part of criminology. The community is interested in violent crime trends and what preventive measures are effective. Lethal violence is a parameter often in focus when the violence in society is discussed. One aspect that is often lacking in criminological studies is the intensity of the violence (brutality). A Ph.D. project at our unit is designed to validate existing tools and develop new tools for the estimation of violence intensity in homicides. The project idea was borne from a study that indicates that there has been a brutalization of deadly violence in Sweden during the 1990's compared with the previous two decades.
The model will be used in studies of risk factors for violence based on a nationwide perpetrator data base created at the department of Forensic Psychiatric in Huddinge (Joakim Sturup).
In collaboration with associate professor Svein Kleiven at KTH a method for advanced injury analysis is developed. In short, this method is to simulate injuries by means of so-called Finite element analysis made on the basis of data on the injured body part (i.e. skull bone thickness) and observations at the accident scene (documentation of vertical drop, the form of hard objects in the environment, etc.). The Finite element method is well established, but needs to be further developed and validated for forensic purposes. For this purpose a special devise for measuring pressure loads on skeletal structures has been built.